Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) - Neurofeedback Publications
PracticeWise - Level 1: Best Support
EEG and Clinical Neuroscience - Level 5: Efficacious and Specific
BCIA - Level 4: Efficacious (description of efficacy levels here)
Efficacy of Neurofeedback Treatment in ADHD: the Effects on Inattention, Impulsivity and Hyperactivity: a Meta-Analysis
Arns M, de Ridder S, Strehl U, Breteler M and Coenen A
Journal of Clinical EEG & Neuroscience, July, 2009
reported that Neurofeedback should be regarded as an evidence-based treatment for Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) based on accepted scientific standards of clinical medicine. Neurofeedback has steadily gained acceptance as a mainstream medical technique for the treatment of several disorders; however critics persist in questioning the efficacy of neurofeedback and the quantity and quality of the clinical studies that support its use. The study was a so-called meta-analysis which examined the caliber of the scientific and statistical techniques and robustness of all recently published research about neurofeedback treatment for ADHD. This meta-analysis included 15 studies and 1194 ADHD patients. Based on this study, the research team concluded that neurofeedback should be regarded as an “Evidence-Based treatment for ADHD”. The results show that neurofeedback treatment has large and clinically significant effects on Impulsivity and Inattention and a modest improvement of Hyperactivity.
EEG Biofeedback in the Treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (abs.)
Alternative Medicine Review, Volume 12, #2, June, 2007, pp146-151
Electroencephalogram (EEG) biofeedback, also known as neurofeedback, is a promising alternative treatment for patients with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (AD/HD). EEG biofeedback therapy rewards scalp EEG frequencies that are associated with relaxed attention, and suppresses frequencies associated with under- or over-arousal.
Electroencephalographic Biofeedback in the Treatment of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
Monastra VJ, Lynn S, Linden M, Lubar JF, Gruzelier J, LaVaque TJ
Historically, pharmacological treatments for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have been considered to be the only type of interventions effective for reducing the core symptoms of this condition. However, during the past three decades, a series of case and controlled group studies examining the effects of EEG biofeedback have reported improved attention and behavioral control, increased cortical activation on quantitative electroencephalographic examination, and gains on tests of intelligence and academic achievement in response to this type of treatment.
Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Rationale and Empirical Foundation (abs.)
During the past three decades, electroencephalographic (EEG) biofeedback has emerged as a nonpharmacologic treatment for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This intervention was derived from operant conditioning studies that demonstrated capacity for neurophysiologic training in humans and other mammals and targets atypical patterns of cortical activation that have been identified consistently in neuroimaging and quantitative EEG studies of patients diagnosed with ADHD.
Treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder with Neurotherapy (abs.)
Significant public health concerns exist regarding our current level of success in treating ADHD. Medication management is very helpful in 60-70% of patients. Side effects, lack of compliance and the fact that stimulant medications cannot be given late in the day limit the benefits largely to school hours.
Review of the Literature Regarding the Efficacy of Neurofeedback in the Treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
The following is a review of the most recent literature regarding the efficacy of EEG Neurofeedback in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorders.
Update on Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (abs.)
Campbell Daley K
In her recent paper, Update on Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, published in Current Opinion in Pediatrics, Katie Campbell Daley reviewed the research and practice standards on treatment of ADHD.
Dr. Campbell is on the staff of the Department of Medicine, Children's Hospital Boston and in the Department of Pediatrics of the Harvard Medical School. Her conclusion:
"Overall, these findings support the use of multi-modal treatment, including medication, parent/school counselling, and EEG biofeedback, in the long term management of ADHD, with EEG biofeedback in particular providing a sustained effect even without stimulant treatment... Parents interested in non-psychopharmacologic treatment can pursue the use of complementary and alternative therapy. The therapy most promising by recent clinical trials appears to be EEG biofeedback." full text
In-School Neurofeedback Training for ADHD: Sustained Improvements From a Randomized Control Trial
Naomi J. Steiner, MDa, Elizabeth C. Frenette, MPHa, Kirsten M. Rene, MAa, Robert T. Brennan, EdDb, and Ellen C. Perrin, MDa
(104 participants) Response rates were 90% at the 6-month follow-up. Six months postintervention, neurofeedback participants maintained significant gains on Conners 3-P (Inattention effect size [ES] = 0.34, Executive Functioning ES = 0.25, Hyperactivity/Impulsivity ES = 0.23) and BRIEF subscales including the Global Executive Composite (ES = 0.31), which remained significantly greater than gains found among children in CT and control conditions.
A Comparison of EEG Biofeedback and Psychostimulants in Treating Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Tom Rossiter, PhD and Theodore LeVaque, PhD. Reprinted with permission: Journal of Neurotherapy, Summr, 10995, 48-59
Quantitative QEEG and Auditory Event-Related Potentials in the Evaluation of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Effects of Methylphenidate and Implications for Nerofeedback Training
J.F. Lubar, PhD, M.O. Swartwood, PhD, J.N. Swartwood, PhD and D.L. Timmerman, PhD. Reprinted with permission: Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, ADHD Special, 1995 143-160
Wechsler (WISC-R) Changes Following Treatment of Learning Disabilities via EEG Biofeedback Training in a Private Practice Setting
Micheal Tansey, PhD. Reprinted with permission: Australian Journal or Psychology, 1991, 43 147-153
Gates, States, Rhythms and Resonance: The Scientific Basis of Neurofeedback Training
A. Arbanal, PhD, MD. Reprinted with permission: Journal of Neurotherapy, Vol 1 No 2 Fall 1995 15-38
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